Secretary of Defense Mark Esper issued an effective ban on public displays of the Confederate flag in a policy that does not actually mention the Confederacy.
The policy instead allows service members and civilian employees to display or depict "flags that promote unity" including:
• Flags of U.S. states, territories and the District of Columbia;
• Military service flags;
• the POW/MIA flag;
• Flag or general officer flags;
• Presidentially-appointed, Senate-confirmed civilian flags;
• Senior Executive Service and Military Department-specific SES flags;
• Flags of other countries for which the United States is an ally or partner, or for other official protocol purposes;
• Flags of organizations in which the United States is a member (ex., NATO);
• Ceremonial, command, unit or branch flags or guidons.
Esper left a few exceptions, allowing unauthorized flags to be displayed in museum exhibits, on state-issued license plates, gravesites, memorials, monuments, educational or historic displays, works of art or "where the nature of the display or depiction cannot be reasonably viewed as an endorsement of the flag by the Department of Defense."
The Defense Secretary's message was one of unity and recognizing the gravity of flag displays.
"Flags are powerful symbols," Esper wrote. "We must always remain focused on what unifies us: our sworn oath to the Constitution and our shared duty to defend the nation ... That is why we honor the American flag, which is the principal flag we are authorized and encouraged to display. The flags we fly must accord with the military imperatives of good order and discipline, treating all our people with dignity and respect, and rejecting divisive symbols."
The guidance applies to public displays or depictions of flags by troops and civilian employees "in all Department of Defense workspaces, common access areas and public areas," including:
"• Office buildings, facilities, naval vessels, aircraft, government vehicles, hangers, garages, ready rooms, conference rooms, individual offices, cubicles, storage rooms, tool and equipment rooms, workshops, break rooms, kitchens/galleys, recreational areas, commissaries, branch exchanges, and heads/latrines/restrooms -- including property and buildings off installations but leased by the department;
• Sensitive compartmented information facilities and other secure facilities;
• Open-bay barracks, berthing areas, and common areas of barracks and bachelor quarters;
• Schoolhouses and training facilities;
• All spaces or items in public or plain view, such as outside areas of any Defense Department buildings and government-operated or public-private housing such as parking lots, yards, gazebos or porches."
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