SYLVIA RIVERA: Trailblazing trans activist who fought back (think Molotov cocktail) at Stonewall

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Photo credit Elizabeth Sherwood

We've come to think of the phrase "threw the first brick at Stonewall" to mean someone who was there, in the fight, from the beginning. Sylvia Rivera said she was there, in the fight, from the beginning ... but it wasn't a brick. It was a Molotov cocktail. And it was the second one.

In her talk at the Lesbian and Gay Community Services Center in New York in 2001, she said, "I have been given the credit for throwing the first Molotov cocktail by many historians but I always like to correct it; I threw the second one, I did not throw the first one!"

Rivera was an LGBTQ liberation and transgender rights activist. She was also a New Yorker born in the Bronx to a Venezuelan mother and Puerto Rican father. Her father abandoned his family, her mother committed suicide when she was 3, and she was raised by her grandmother. Bullied at school and home for being gay, she ran away at the age of 10 - to hustle near Times Square. There, she found a community of other poor, Trans youth. It became her safe space but not a safe place - she and her peers were often beaten by police, and by each other.

Stonewall and beyond

Rivera was only 18 when the Stonewall Inn was raided. She said of that night: "You know, it was a long night of riots. It was actually very exciting because I remember howling all through the streets, “The revolution is here!” you know? Cars are being turned over, windows are being broken, fires are being set all over the place. Blood was shed. When the cops did finally get there, the reinforcements, forty five minutes later, you had the chorus line of street queens kicking up their heels, singing their famous little anthem that up to today still lives on."

From there, the work was just getting started. She helped organize and participated in numerous causes, like the Gay Liberation Front (GLF) and the Gay Activists' Alliance (GAA). In 1970, she co-founded an activist group with Marsha P. Johnson called the Street Transvestite Action Revolutionaries (STAR) to help homeless youth and Trans kids who, like her, were hustling on the streets.

Rivera and Johnson also created STAR House, a refuge for homeless transgender youth.  STAR House helped inspire Rusty Mae Moore and Chelsea Goodwin to start T